Water covers 71% of the earth's surface, but less than a percentage is considered fit for human consumption. This figure is frightening when we take into account the fact that water makes up 70% of the human body and is an essential part of maintaining our life. Access to safe drinking water is vital for a healthy life. But the water is no longer pure and safe because it is contaminated by pollution. Chemicals and harmful germs can be found in drinking water and treatment facilities are able to eliminate only half of these contaminants. This results in the need for a purification facility at home. Water purifiers provide clean, safe drinking water that eliminates hazardous contaminants and retains mineral deposits.
Water purification includes processes such as filtration, sedimentation, distillation, etc. These processes aim to reduce the concentration of bacteria, algae, fungi, viruses, parasites and other particles. There are different types of scrubbers equipped with technologies that can remove these contaminants. Activated carbon, UV filters and RO filters are the most used filter technology. Activated carbon filters consist of positively charged carbon granules of silver molecules. These can eliminate pesticides, chlorine and other chemicals. UV filters use ultraviolet light to deactivate pathogens. Reverse osmosis filter purification involves forcing water through a semi-permeable membrane that filters contaminants from the water. These can eliminate arsenic, nitrates, sodium, copper, lead and some organic chemicals.
After understanding the filtering technologies available, factors such as water quality, electricity, storage and the choice of the right water purifier should be taken into account. RO water purifiers are ideal if the water in your area is heavily salted, hard or if you use groundwater. Most purifiers need electricity to operate, but activated carbon purifiers do not require electricity. These are therefore effective when the power is irregular. A number of purifiers do not offer the storage option as they provide purified water according to the needs of the moment. The RO system comes with a storage facility to make sure you do not wait whenever you need water. Also consider that storage purifiers require more space, while others can be mounted on walls. Purifiers with storage do not require installation and are kept on counters and tables. Most modern purifiers also have an automatic power-off feature that automatically turns off the power once purification is complete. The requirement of an incoming water flow is important for UV and RO filters. They need water to be supplied to the system for the purification process. If the water supply in your area is not stable, it is best to choose activated carbon purifiers. The pressure of the incoming water flow is also necessary for the filters to function optimally.